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Bihar: Top Most Beautiful Places To Visiting In Bihar India

Bihar India

East India’s Bihar region shares a border with Nepal. The River Ganges, which floods its productive plains, divides it. The Buddha is said to have meditated under the Bodhi Tree in Bodhgaya’s Mahabodhi Temple, which is a significant Buddhist pilgrimage site. Hindus revere the Mahavir Mandir temple in the state capital Patna, while Sikhs visit the Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Ji Gurdwara’s dome-shaped riverside Gurdwara to perform their religious duties.

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Patna’s history and customs date back to the very first days of civilization. Pataliputra or Patalipattan was the original name of the city, and its history dates back to the year 600 B.C. C. Early variations of the name Patna included Pataligram, Kusumpur, Patliputra, Azimabad, and others. Ending with the current one in the end. In the fourth century A.D., Chandragupta Maurya made it his capital. D. When Sherkhan Suri came to power at the beginning of the 16th century A.D., the city began to lose its significance. D.

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The existence of a village called Pattan or Patthan, which later changed its name to Patna, is a different version that comes into focus. According to legend, Ajatashatru founded Pataliputra. Consequently, Patna and the historic Pataliputra have a close relationship. The name “Patali” and the addition of “Pattan” were given to the ancient village. Pataliputra itself may be the “Palibothra” that Greek history refers to.

The Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain pilgrimage sites of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodh Gaya, and Pawapuri can all be visited as day trips from Patna. For the Sikhs, Patna City is also revered because it was the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru. In addition to being on the main line of the Eastern Railway and having an international airport with a few flights to South-East Asia, Patna is reachable by road (National Highway 30).

Bodh Gaya

In Bihar’s Gaya District, Bodh Gaya is a popular Buddhist pilgrimage site. Here, beneath the Bodhi tree, is where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. It is famous for the Mahabodhi Temple.

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It is currently listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and many foreign nations, including China and Japan, have assisted the Indian government in creating facilities for Buddhist pilgrims. All throughout the year, the area is crowded with tourists from India and other countries who come to visit the monasteries, temples, and remains of the Bodhi Tree.

Bodh Gaya was formerly known as Uruwela, and it is situated close to the Neranjana river. Up until the 18th century CE, it was also referred to as Mahabodhi, Sambodhi, and Vajrasana. It is one of the four significant Buddhist sites, along with Sarnath, Lumbini, and Kushinagar.


Rajgir, a stunning city in the Nalanda District of the state of Bihar, attracts travelers from all over the world. The area is situated in a valley and is surrounded by rocky hillocks. Additionally, you will feel renewed by this location’s tranquil atmosphere. It is thought that Gautam Buddha gave numerous sermons there and that Lord Mahavir once resided there for a while. At a place called Vultures Peak, one can see Buddhist monks practicing meditation.

This location was used to record Buddha’s teachings and to host the first Buddhist Council. Numerous Hindu and Jain temples are also located there. Not only that, but it also has water ponds that are thought to have therapeutic qualities that can be used to treat a variety of skin conditions.

For its guests to learn about, it has an interesting past. According to legend, Gautam Buddha frequently visited this location at the serene Jivankamaravana Monastery. One of the pilgrims was converted to Buddhism here on Gridhakuta Hill by Lord Buddha. Many names, including Rajgriha, Barad Rathapura, Girivraja, and Vasumati, were used to refer to it in very early times. The area is associated with Vasu, a son of Brahma who is thought to have invented the legendary Girivraja. Additionally, it has ties to Jarasandha and Brihadratha.

Muzaffarpur District

By dividing the previous district of Tirhut, Muzaffarpur District, also known as “The Land Of Leechi,” was created in 1875 for administrative convenience. After Muzaffar Khan, an Amil (Revenue Officer) under the British Dynasty, the current district of Muzaffarpur was established in the 18th century. The districts of Purbi Champaran and Sitamarhi on the north, Vaishali and Saran on the south, Darbhanga and Samastipur on the east, and Saran and Gopalganj on the west surround Muzaffarpur. Now, it has received praise from all over the world for its delectable Shahi Leechi and China Leechi.

Of course, it is impossible to go back in time to the region’s earliest beginnings, but the ancient Indian epic Ramayan, which continues to play a significant role in Indian civilization, allows us to go a very long way in time to trace this region’s strong heritage. In the beginning of the legend, Rajarshi Janak was in charge of Videha, the name given to the entire area, which included eastern Nepal and northern Bihar, in mythology. A sacred Hindu legend says that Seeta (also known as Vaidehi: The Princes of Videha) emerged from an earthen pot while Rajarshi Janak was working the land in Sitamarhi.


Gaya is unquestionably one of Bihar’s most emblematic cities. To say that Gaya has the most rich history and culture of any district in Bihar would not be overstating the case. Because it is the birthplace of Buddhism and has strong ties to Hinduism and Jainism, Gaya has shaped the religious and cultural identity of Bihar as well as the rest of India. The city is located on the banks of the Phalgu River, 230 km from Bhagalpur and 100 km from Patna. It is surrounded on three sides by small, rocky hills, with the river flowing on the fourth (eastern) side.

Here is a quick history lesson before getting into information on Gaya as it is today. The history of Gaya is fascinating, with mentions in the Mahabharata and Ramayana, as well as the rise and fall of many powerful empires. Gaya served as the capital city for a number of the greatest ancient Indian empires, including the Sisunaga, Nanda, Magadha, Pala, and Mauryan. Gaya was then ruled by a number of Muslim dynasties during the Middle Ages. Undoubtedly, the most notable of them all were the Mughals.

FAQs: Top Most Beautiful Places To Visiting In Bihar India

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