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Criminal Laws In India : Complete Details About Criminal Laws In India

Read The Important details about crime law

Criminal law in India means offenses against the state, it includes felonies and misdemeanors. ‘Criminal law’ is a phrase containing just two words but having several acts enacted underneath it. Indian crime law is applicable to both citizens of India and foreigners who commit crimes within the territory of India . Crimes are generally referred to as offenses against the state.


The standard of proof for crimes is beyond a reasonable doubt . Crime law is governed by Indian penal Code, Crpc, evidence Act etc. Under Indian law, you may be arrested in a variety of circumstances. The arrest and detention can be for committing offences under the Indian Penal Code and/or under various laws .

The term criminal law means crimes that may establish punishments. In contrast, Crime Procedure describes the process through which the crime laws are enforced.

First Information Report (FIR)

The first information report means an information recorded by a police officer on duty given either by the aggrieved person or any other person to the commission of an alleged offence.

Rights of Arrested Person

One of the basic tenets of our legal system is the benefit of the presumption of innocence of the accused till he is found guilty at the end of a trial on legal evidence .

Evidence law

Evidence law is the branch of law concerned with the rules and methods by which evidence is admitted and used in a legal trial . Evidence law also concerns the type of objections that can be raised to certain evidence being admitted, such as hearsay, illegally-obtained evidence, or a privilege that prevents the evidence in question from being admissible at trial.

Purpose of Criminal Law

  • To protect, serve and limit the actions of individuals
  • To punish the offender
  • To protect society from crime

Law of Evidence

  • Confession under Indian Evidence Act
  • Evidential Value of Private Reports in Court of Law
  • FIR: Indian Evidence Act, 1872
  • Experts Opinion and its admissibility and relevancy – Law of Evidence
  • Hostile Witnesses and Efficacy of Law
  • Evidentiary Value of FIR

Punishments under Crime Law

There are several types of punishment under crime law . Few Punishments are Imprisonment for life , Forfeiture of property , Death , Fine etc.

FAQs : Criminal laws in India

What are the three criminal laws in India?

The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973. The Commissions of Inquiry Act, 1952. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2005. The Indian Penal Code Act, 1860.

What comes under criminal law in India?

The laws that govern criminal law in India are the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC) and the Criminal Procedure Code, 1974 .


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